To have the confidence, skills and knowledge to be able to administer first aid in an emergency, you need to undergo a full first aid or a first aid at the work training course. However, there are some basic do and don’ts that everyone should know about first aid, whether they’ve been on a course or not.
- The only thing you should ever put on a burn is cold water
- To treat a burn, run it under cold water for 10 minutes or more
- Bleeding should never be treated under a running tap, as this will wash away the body’s clotting agents and cause the wound to bleed more freely
- To treat bleeding, the best thing to do is to put pressure on the wound to stop the flow of blood
- Whenever a medical emergency such as a serious wound or burn takes place, the first thing to do is to call 999 and request assistance
- A nosebleed should not be treated by tilting the head back
- To treat a nosebleed, lean the head slightly forwards and pinch the nose. The person should breathe through their mouth
- If someone has swallowed poison, don’t try to make them vomit (it is likely to burn and cause further damage)
- If a limb can be moved after an accident, this doesn’t mean it isn’t broken
- Minor cuts, scrapes and grazes should always be properly washed before being covered with a sterile dressing.