First aid tips – seizures and epilepsy

Finding yourself in the midst of a medical emergency can be a frightening experience, especially if you are the only one around to help. This is why it is so important to undergo first aid training, so that in a scary situation, you can swing into action with the knowledge and skills to potentially save a life.

One of the most alarming types of medical emergency to witness is a seizure, which can be recognised by convulsive movements, arching of the back and sudden unconsciousness. Seizures most commonly occur because of epilepsy, and these kinds of seizures are often known as epileptic fits.

First aid training can really help you in situations where someone is having a seizure. Along with everything else you will learn about treating seizures, you will be taught the following tips:

  • Never attempt to restrain someone who is having a seizure – this could cause injury to you or to the person in trouble
  • Use clothing or blanket to protect the person’s head from injury and wait for the seizure to run its course
  • You should call 999 for professional medical advice or for an ambulance if there is no known reason for the seizure (i.e. the person doesn’t have epilepsy) or the person is unconscious for more than 10 minutes
  • After the seizure is over, make sure you rest the person on their side, ensuring they keep breathing by tilting their head back.